The following graphs summarize fundraising results at hundreds of charitable organizations each year, surveyed first by AFP (2004-2009) and then by the Nonprofit Research Collaborative, which PPP joined in 2011.
This is the second part of a post by nonprofit researcher Melissa Brown, drawing practical advice from academic research. Click here to see Part 1.
[Editor’s Note: Nonprofit researcher and former Giving USA editor Melissa Brown attended recent meetings of the Association of Philanthropic Counsel and the Science of Philanthropy Initiative. We asked her to translate research into practice for PPP members, and it’s no surprise that some of the most practical research findings came from Russell James.]
The glass ceiling as a discriminatory phenomenon has pervaded almost every professional field, and the nonprofit sector has not been immune. In 2013, across all fields and sectors, working women earned 78% of their male counterparts’ salaries, according to the American Association of University Women. This gap has not shifted in over a decade, even as more women continue to enter the workforce. The gap increases for older women and women of color. Some occupations which tend to attract women, such as teaching, have always harbored lower salaries, but women are found to be paid less regardless of job choice and across gender-neutral and male-dominated fields.